Regular table sugar is high in calories and not recommended for people with diabetes. However, completely giving up on sweetness is very challenging for people. In such a scenario, sugar substitutes can be of assistance. A sugar substitute is a chemical or plant based compound that tastes sweet like sugar but has a lesser amount of or no calories and does not cause a spike in glucose levels in the bloodstream. They also tend to be sweeter than sugar so that we use smaller amounts of them as compared to using sugar.
Aspartame is an example of a sugar free sugar substitute. It is made up of aspartic acid and phenylalanine, two amino acids, which make it two hundred times sweeter than sugar. Its use ranges from processed products like chewing gum, soft drinks, and frozen desserts to table top sweeteners.
Saccharin is also a popular sugar substitute, first discovered in 1879. It can be two hundred to seven hundred times sweeter than sugar. It is popularly used in canned goods, aerated soft drinks, processed foods as well as a tabletop sweetener.
Sucralose is another sugar substitute that is six hundred times sweeter than sugar. Besides being used as a tabletop sweetener, it is extensively used in processed foods and drinks in the food and beverage industry. It is used in sauces, syrups, juices, desserts, canned fruits as well as in medicines, nutritional supplements and vitamins.